It is ironic to see mainstream politicians who suffered severely during the long night of KANU’s one party tyranny trying in 2012 to corral the limits of Kenya’s political pluralism- in effect limiting the millions of Kenyans into spectators crammed at the race course cheering two horses duke it out for the top prize, reducing all other players to donkeys.
For example, the Social Democratic Party is one of the OLDEST political parties in Kenya. It is older than ODM, PNU, URP, UDF, Wiper and certainly TNA. We were the first major party to field a woman presidential candidate way back in 1997 and she did a commendable fourth place finish on her very first showing. At one point we had at least 23 members of parliament.
We, therefore, unreservedly commit to upholding the letter and spirit of Chapter Six of Kenya Constitution 2010 and pledge to break away from the prevailing culture of impunity replete with blatant theft and vulgar misuse of national resources.
Code of Conduct and Terms of EngagementBy signing this pledge, we commit our parties to:1. To uphold the Hoja Alliance Principles and values in line with Kenya Constitution 2010 (document attached).2. Collaborate with the Alliance members towards securing victory in the next general election through deliberate efforts geared towards building friendships, trust and confidence among members of the Alliance through activities such as joint meetings, workshops and other team-building events.3. Integrate our campaign activities as an Alliance whilst staying open to pursuing activities specific to our mother parties but not at variance with the core ideals of the Alliance.4. Articulating the principles and values espoused by the Hoja Alliance in all our public and media events and continuously publicly identify with the Alliance and at all times while respecting the diversity of the Alliance.5. Work actively towards recruiting further partnerships that may bring on board other political parties and caucuses that share the ideals and principles of the Alliance.6. At all times uphold the tenets under Section 10 (2) of the Constitution of Kenya especially as relates to social justice.7. Adhere to the code of conduct as spelt here below;Code of ConductWe members of the Hoja Alliance commit ourselves to the following. To;1. Desist from talking at cross-purposes.2. Allow only the designated spokespersons to make pronouncements on behalf of the Alliance.3. Take cognizance of strengths and resources that individual parties bring on board and deploy them to strengthen the Alliance.4. Host weekly consultative meetings in order to review progress and to continuously chart the way forward for the Alliance towards developing events and building consensus.5. Commit to keep off any public announcement on disengagement before the matter is discussed and agreed upon by the top organ of the Alliance.6. Vet all members who join subsequently in order to maintain the ideals of the Alliance.7. Ensure the Alliance Charter is signed by the top leadership of the constituent parties, for instance, the Party Leader, Chair and Secretary General or their designated representatives.At all times strictly adhere to and be guided by the Principles of Chapter Six of the Kenya 2012 Constitution.
- Alliance with a class or its representatives who represent opposing class interests;
- Alliance without surrendering the independence of the party or its ideology;
- Identifying the thin line between capitulation and assertion and opportunism and ideology.
“...The more powerful enemy can be conquered only by exerting the utmost effort, and by necessarily, thoroughly, carefully, attentively and skilfully taking advantage of any, even the smallest, ‘rift’ among the enemies..by taking advantage of every, even the smallest, opportunity of gaining a mass ally, even though this ally be temporary, vacillating, unstable, unreliable and conditional...”
“... Far from pinning our hopes on antagonisms within the ranks of the enemy, we are fully aware that the development of these contradictions and the extent to which they be capitalized upon are in the last analysis determined by the strength of the revolution. The experience of all genuine popular revolutions shows that the stronger the revolutionary forces become and the higher the revolutionary tide rises, the more the enemy’s ranks are torn by contradictions and are likely to split. Ultimately the time comes when these conflicts have grown so exacerbated as to render impossible all compromise between the various enemy factions. This constitutes one of the unmistakable signs of the maturity of the revolutionary situation. The revolution then breaks out and the enemy’s rule is overthrown in decisive battles....The victory of the revolution depends primarily on a correct determination of the general orientation and strategic objective, as well as the specific orientation and objective for each period. But just as important as defining the orientation and objective is the problem of how to carry them into effect once such decisions are made. What road should be followed? What forms should be adopted? What measures should be used? Experience has shown that a revolutionary movement may mark time, or even fail, not for lack of clearly defined orientations and objectives, but essentially because there have been no appropriate principles and methods of revolutionary action. Methods of revolutionary action are devised to defeat the enemy of the revolution, and in the most advantageous way, so that the revolution may attain its ends as quickly as possible. Here one also needs wisdom as well as courage; it is not only a science, but also an art. Decisions over methods of revolutionary action require, more than in any other field, that the revolutionary maintain the highest creative spirit. Revolution is creation; it cannot succeed without imagination and ingenuity. There has never been nor will there ever be a unique formula for making a revolution that is suited to all situations. One given method may be adaptable to a certain country but unsuitable in another. A correct method in certain times and circumstances may be erroneous in other situations. Everything depends on the concrete historical conditions..... It is a matter of principle that either in the daily policies or in the practice of revolutionary struggle... a revolutionary should never lose sight of the final goal. If one considers the fight for small daily gains and immediate targets as ‘everything’ and views the final goal as ‘nothing’... then one displays the worst kind of opportunism which can only result in keeping the popular masses in eternal servitude. However, it is by no means sufficient to comprehend only the final objective. While keeping in mind the revolutionary goal, the art of revolutionary leadership lies in knowing how to win judiciously step by step. Revolution is the work of millions of popular masses standing up to overthrow the ruling classes, which command powerful means of violence together with other material and spiritual forces. That is why a revolution is always a long-term process. From the initial steps to the final victory, a revolution necessarily goes through many difficult and complex stages of struggle full of twists and bends, clearing one obstacle after another and gradually changing the relation of forces between the revolution and the counter-revolution until overwhelming superiority is achieved over the ruling classes...”
- Le Duan, “The Vietnamese Revolution: Fundamental Problems and Essential Tasks, New World Paperbacks, New York, 1971, pp22-27.